linux下Mysql+php5+apache安装手记

下载官方推荐的稳定版本httpd-2.2.3.tar.gz,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2356.shtml

安装apache2
#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --enable-module=alias --enable-module=most \
--enable-module=vhost_alias --enable-shared=vhost_alias --enable-module=so --enable-shared=max
# make;make install

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下载目前最新稳定版本mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz
无需安装,解压后移至/usr/local/mysql.

# groupadd mysql #建立mysql组
# useradd mysql -g mysql #建立mysql用户并且加入到mysql组中

# cd /usr/local/mysql

然后设置权限

# chown -R root . #设定root能访问/usr/local/mysql
# chown -R mysql data #设定mysql用户能访问/usr/local/mysql/data ,里面存的是mysql的数据库文件
# chown -R mysql data/. #设定mysql用户能访问/usr/local/mysql/data下的所有文件
# chown -R mysql data/mysql/. #设定mysql用户能访问/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql下的所有文件
# chgrp -R mysql . #设定mysql组能够访问/usr/local/mysql

运行mysql:

# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &

修改root密码,默认为空:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'newpassword'

MYSQL安装完成

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下载最新稳定版本php-5.1.6.tar.gz,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2355.shtml

1. 安装zlib (安装libpng和gd前需要先安装zlib),下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2359.shtml
# tar zxvf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
# cd zlib-1.2.3
# ./configure
# make;make install

2. 安装libpng,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2362.shtml
# tar zxvf libpng-1.2.12.tar.gz
# cd libpng-1.2.12
# ./configure
# make;make install

3. 安装freetype,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2361.shtml
# tar zxvf freetype-2.2.1.tar.gz
# cd freetype-2.1.10
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype
# make;make install

4. 安装jpeg,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2360.shtml
# tar zxvf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
# cd jpeg-6b
# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg
# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/bin
# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/lib
# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/include
# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/man
# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/man/man1
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg --enable-shared --enable-static
# make;make install

5. 安装gd,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/2357.shtml
# tar zxvf gd-2.0.33.tar.gz
# cd gd-2.0.33
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype --with-png --with-zlib
//编译过程中会看到如下信息
** Configuration summary for gd 2.0.33:

Support for PNG library: yes
Support for JPEG library: yes
Support for Freetype 2.x library: yes
Support for Fontconfig library: no
Support for Xpm library: no
Support for pthreads: yes
//可以看到png 、 jpeg 、 freetype都已经安装上了
# make
# make install

6. 正式安装php
# tar zxvf php-5.1.6.tar.gz
# cd php-5.1.6
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php5 --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-gd --with-zlib --with-png --with-jpeg --with-freetype --enable-sockets --with-iconv --enable-mbstring --enable-track-vars --enable-force-cgi-redirect --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php5/etc

7.整合php和apache
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini
vi /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini
将extension=php_mysql.dll前面的#去掉

8. 安装ZendOptimizer,下载地址:http://down.itlearner.com/soft/1023.shtml
# tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.0.1-linux-glibc21-i386.tar.gz
# cd ZendOptimizer-3.0.1-linux-glibc21-i386
# ./install.sh
安装操作: [ok] -> [EXIT] -> [YES] -> [/httpd/zend] -> [/httpd/apache/conf] -> [yes] -> [OK] -> [OK] -> [NO]

遇到的一些错误解决:

1.php5在configure时提示:configure: error: mysql configure failed.,只用--with-mysql参数提示:Cannot find MySQL header files under yes,去掉--with-mysql参数可以安装,php5将无法连接mysql,页面提示为:Fatal error: Call to undefined function mysql_connect()。查阅了一下,发现是mysql5对应的版本不对导致的,换个版本就可以了。
我用mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686.tar.gz时会提示,换了mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz后就正常了。

2.重装mysql后启动出错,提示:
Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/data
STOPPING server from pid file /usr/local/mysql/data/xmcncn.pid
061103 15:25:32 mysqld ended
请教高手gump,解决方法:
touch /tmp/mysql.sock
killall -9 mysqld
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe -user=mysql &
成功启动

PS:偶是新手,当初找齐这些软件都化了一整天时间,特别是几个小软件比较难找,现在全部列出来了。测试装的时候也遇到了不少问题,在gump同志的帮助下解决了不少。我站上本来转载了好几篇安装的文章,有的版本较旧,有的不太全面,所以把这次安装过程写出来,以后安装也就方便了:)希望也对一些新手有帮助。




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